Ioannis Kessides’ areas of specialization are energy policy, competition, regulatory, and privatization policies in network utilities, market structure and firm conduct, determinants of entry and exit, and contestability analysis. Until July 2013, he was Lead Economist, Development Research Group at the World Bank. Prior to joining the World Bank in 1990, he taught industrial organization and microeconomics at the University of Maryland. More recently he taught a course on public policy towards business at the Woodrow Wilson School (Princeton University). He received a B.S. degree (with honors) in physics from Caltech, M.A. in plasma physics (nuclear fusion) and a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University.